|Thesis abstract: |
In the near future, market breakthrough for integrated photonics will be closely related to the increasing of the complexity of the optical circuits, but this long-promised success is inextricably related to the solution of the fragmentation of the production processes. Generic foundries offering stable and cost-effective integration technologies can attract market players and encourage the implementation of photonic-based solutions. The access to this new platforms is related to the availability of Process Design Kits which help abstracting from the technological levels and focusing on circuit problems. This
research work addresses this subject, currently of great interest, successfully developing the theoretical and experimental instruments which permit the construction of advanced Process Design Kits, demonstrating for the first time how this framework can be fruitfully exploited to design and realize innovative photonic circuits.